For the sixth book of “Building Peace” we chose to deal with the theme of “Peace work during elections”. Indeed, our partners and professionals in the DRC, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Cameroon, as well as the partners and colleagues of the AGEH in Burundi and the DRC, were and remain concerned about the challenge posed by electoral processes for those which work against fragmentation and for peace and stability.
The events surrounding the elections in Guinea and especially in Côte d’Ivoire have destabilized all of West Africa and both Sierra Leone and Liberia are strongly influenced by the situation of their neighbors, if only by the flow of refugees they host. Our colleague Shecku Kawusu Mansaray, SCP / Brot für die Welt coordinator, conducted a survey in Freetown, Sierra Leone, to gather the voices of the population in relation to the upcoming elections and the situation in the region. We also reproduced an interview with Cameroonian researcher Achille Mbembe on the lessons to be learned from the situation in Côte d’Ivoire and the electoral processes in Africa.
In Burundi and Rwanda the elections took place in 2010. Our colleagues Apollinaire Niyongabo of the Episcopal Commission for Justice and Peace of Burundi and Christian Kuijstermans, coordinator of the SCP / AGEH program in the Great Lakes region, give us their analyzes on what happened.
We reproduce excerpts from what researcher Mahmoud Mamdani has published about the electoral situation in his home country, Uganda. In the DRC and Cameroon elections are scheduled for the end of 2011. Members of the SCP network in DRC, partners and professionals of EED and AGEH, developed in April 2011 in Goma principles for actors of peace during electoral period that we reproduce. An article by Onesphore Sematumba of Pole Insti- tute in Goma on the electoral challenges and challenges in the DRC.
Marie José Mavinga, national coordinator of SCP / Brot für die Welt in the DRC, gives an example of the role of professionals in such a situation. Desirée Lwambo and Albert Mushiarhamina Kengo of HEAL Africa in Goma share the results and analyzes of their research on women’s participation in political processes in the DRC. Angèle Mazimi and Pierre Fichter from CRAFOD in Bas Congo develop the elements of their organization’s work in preparation for the elections. Odile Bula Bula and Jessie Bohr summarize their RIO initiatives in Bukavu during the last elections in 2006.
Flaubert Djateng, coordinator of the Zenü Network and member of the SCP / Brot für die Welt back-up core, examines the exclusion of young people from political life in Cameroon.
Christiane Kayser of the support center SCP / Brot für die Welt and Pole Institute analyzes the links between governance, democratization and elections in Africa.
As companions of the SCP in several African countries and consultants committed to population-driven change we advocate substantive work on governance based on elements of legitimacy and accountability rooted in African cultures while including ways of being and doing developed in other parts of the globalized world. The issue is not limited to the results of an electoral process, but rather to the appropriation of political processes by a large part of the population, especially young people and women.
With the start-up of a PCS program in Cameroon in addition to those of the Great Lakes and Mano River regions, our series of publications will be even more effective in facilitating inter-African debates and exchanges of experience. We hope that this publication will contribute to a fruitful dialogue on this important issue and will create synergies between actors in Francophone and Anglophone Africa.
Flaubert Djateng, Christiane Kayser August 2011, Bafoussam, Les Barthes
Summary Introduction ……………………………………… 7
by Flaubert Djateng and Christiane Kayser
ElectionsandPeace Work: A Difficult Equation … by Christiane Kayser
Elections in Sierra Leone and Liberia by the people – Cross-media interviews in Sierra Leone on the upcoming elections in Liberia in 2011 and Sierra Leoneen2012 ………………….. ………. 15 by Shecku Kawusu Mansaray
“In Côte d’Ivoire, it is a democracy without ethics that is built” – The Cameroonian historian and philosopher Achille Mbembe delivers his point of view on the Ivorian crisis. . . . 29 by Achille Mbembe and Sabine Cessou
ElectionsUnited States: Youngsters ……………… 35 by Flaubert Djateng
The Great Lakes Region: electoral issues by Christian Kuijstermans
MahmoudMamdanisurleselectionsinOuganda ………… 49 by Sean Jacobs
Congressional Elections2011-2013: Context and Challenges by Onesphore Sematumba Commitment of members of the SCP Great Lakes Network and participants in the Goma workshop (DRC), April 2011. . . . . . . . . . 65 Elections and Identity Logics: What Role for CCS Professionals? ………………………… 67 by Marie José Mavinga Kumba
Women’s participation, but what governance systems? – A study on decision-making bodies at the local level in the eastern DRC by Albert Mushiarhamina Kengo and Desiree Lwambo
CRAFOD and the accompaniment of the populations to the elections for a culture of peace in Bas-Congo ………….. 79 by Angèle Mazimi and Pierre Fichter
Experience of the RIO with the elections in DR Congo. . . . . . 86 by Odile Bula Bula and Jessie Bohr Through the CEJP – Burundi the Catholic Church added a clarification of recent elections. by Apollinaire Niyongabo-